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At least 23,000 Americans die each year from antibiotic-resistant infections, more than the 15,000 who die from AIDS, as stated in the reports of the US Centers for Disease Control. Antibiotics have been commonly available since the 1940s and, they have saved countless amounts of lives from infections. However, germs that are genetically predisposed to survive these drugs have grown more numerous, some even transmitting resistance to other germs.


An aggressive prevention strategy can be very effective. The figures of 2011 from British Columbia (Canada) testify if. The numbers of new HIV cases and AIDS deaths was reduced significantly. This aggressive strategy involves searching for people at risk of HIV infection, talking them into being tested and putting those who are infected on early antiretroviral therapy (ART). This approach lowers by 96 percent the chances that they will infect others.


US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) focuses on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Mother-to-child transmission is a significant cause of new HIV infections among children worldwide. PMTCT has a triple life-saving benefit: saving the life of the woman through antiretroviral treatment, protecting the newborn from HIV infection, and keeping the family together by preventing orphanhood.