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US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) focuses on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Mother-to-child transmission is a significant cause of new HIV infections among children worldwide. PMTCT has a triple life-saving benefit: saving the life of the woman through antiretroviral treatment, protecting the newborn from HIV infection, and keeping the family together by preventing orphanhood.

FundingWithout prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), about 25-40% of babies of HIV-positive mothers will be born infected; with PMTCT, that number drops to below 5%. PMTCT programmes have substantially reduced the mother-to-child transmission in certain countries, including smone developing countries such as Botswana. As a result of PMTCT preventive programmes, the estimated number of children born with HIV dropped from 500,000 in 2001 to 370,000 in 2009.

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“US President’s Plan focuses on Mother-to-Child Transmission”

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